Nearly 50% adults in India will be insufficiently physically active in 2022: Lancet study, ET HealthWorld

Nearly 50% adults in India will be insufficiently physically active in 2022: Lancet study, ET HealthWorld


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New Delhi: Nearly 50 per cent of adults in India engaged in insufficient levels of physical activity in 2022, according to a study published in The Lancet Global Health journal. The study found that far more women (57 per cent) than men (42 per cent) in India were found to be insufficiently physically active, which is in line with trends in the South Asian region.

It said inadequate levels of physical activity among women in the region were on average 14 per cent higher than men.

The South Asian region also ranks second after the high-income Asia Pacific region in terms of adults being insufficiently physically active, said an international team of researchers, including the World Health Organization (WHO).

The authors found that globally, almost one-third of adults (31.3 percent) were insufficiently physically active – defined as not doing at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week.

They found that 26.4 percent of adults worldwide engaged in insufficient physical activity in 2010, up five percent from 2010, and if trends continue from 2010-2022, the authors said the global target of a 15 percent increase in physical activity will not be met.

Researchers found that more than 22 percent of adults in India engaged in insufficient physical activity in the year 2000, while about 34 percent of adults were insufficiently physically active in 2010.

They estimated that if current trends continue, by 2030, 60 percent of adults will engage in insufficient physical activity.

For the study, researchers analysed data on physical activity reported by adults (at least 18 years of age) in population-based surveys to estimate the number of adults with insufficient physical activity in 197 countries and territories from 2000 to 2022.

The team also found that both men and women aged 60 years and older across the world are engaging in insufficient physical activity.

Physical inactivity is known to increase the risk of developing non-communicable diseases, including diabetes and heart disease. According to the WHO, rising levels of physical activity coupled with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle are contributing to a rise in the incidence of these diseases and placing a burden on healthcare systems worldwide.

A 2023 Indian Council of Medical Research-India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal estimated that 101 million people in India suffered from diabetes in 2021 and about 315 million had hypertension in the same year.

In addition, an estimated 254 million people are obese and 185 million have high levels of LDL or “bad” cholesterol, according to the study.

  • Published on June 26, 2024 at 04:25 PM IST

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