Summer Solstice 2024: Interesting Astronomical Facts

Summer Solstice 2024: Interesting Astronomical Facts



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New Delhi: Summer SolsticeWhich usually happens around 20-21 June Northern hemispheremarks the The Longest Day of the year and the official start of summer.Here are some interesting things Astronomical Facts About this event:
Axial tilt And solar position: The summer solstice is caused by the Earth's axial tilt which is about 23.5 degrees. During the solstice, the North Pole is tilted closest to the sun, and the sun is directly above Earth. Tropic of Cancer At latitude 23.5°N.
Longest hours of daylight: On the summer solstice, the Northern Hemisphere has the longest period of daylight. The exact duration of daylight varies depending on latitude. For example, Arctic CircleThere is continuous daylight for 24 hours here.
Solstice points: The solstices (both summer and winter) mark the points where the Sun's path in the sky reaches its northernmost or southernmost point. After the summer solstice, the Sun begins to move southward in the sky.
Historical significance: Many ancient cultures built monuments aligned with the solstices. For example, Stonehenge in England and the Egyptian pyramids are aligned with the sunrise on the summer solstice.
Changing sunrise and sunset times: While the summer solstice has the longest day, it does not have the earliest sunrise or the latest sunset. These occur several days before and after the solstice because of Earth's elliptical orbit and axial tilt.
Equinox vs. Solstice: Unlike the equinox, when day and night are approximately equal, the solstice causes the maximum difference in daylight hours between summer and winter.
Cultural celebrations: The solstice has inspired festivals and rituals in various cultures, celebrating fertility, growth, and the peak of summer. Examples include Midsummer in Scandinavia and the Inti Raymi festival of the Incas.
Southern Hemisphere: The summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere occurs around December 21-22, when the South Pole is tilted toward the Sun, resulting in the longest day there.





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